Dikgang Moseneke was born in Pretoria in December 1947. He attended primary and secondary school there. But at the age of 15, when in standard eight, Moseneke was arrested, detained and convicted of participating in anti-apartheid activity.
He was sentenced to 10 years' imprisonment, all of which he served on Robben Island. Moseneke studied for his matric as well as two degrees while in jail.
Moseneke is married to Kabo and they have a daughter and two sons.
While Moseneke was jailed on Robben Island he obtained a BA in English and political science, as well as a B Iuris degree. He later completed an LLB. All three degrees were conferred by the University of South Africa.
Moseneke started his professional career as an attorney’s clerk at Klagbruns Inc in Pretoria in 1976. In 1978 he was admitted and practised for five years as an attorney and partner at the law firm Maluleke, Seriti and Moseneke.
In 1983 he was called to the Bar and practised as an advocate in Johannesburg and Pretoria. Ten years later, in 1993, he was elevated to the status of senior counsel.
In 1993 Moseneke served on the technical committee that drafted the interim constitution of 1993. In 1994 he was appointed Deputy Chairperson of the Independent Electoral Commission, which conducted the first democratic elections in South Africa.
In September 1994, while practising as a silk, Moseneke accepted an acting appointment to the Transvaal Provincial Division of the Supreme Court.
Before his appointment as Justice of the Constitutional Court, in November 2001 Moseneke was appointed a Judge of the High Court in Pretoria. On 29 November 2002 he was appointed as judge in the Constitutional Court Court and in June 2005, Moseneke was appointed Deputy Chief Justice of the Republic of South Africa.
Between 1995 and 2001 Moseneke left the Bar to pursue a full-time corporate career in the following capacities. He has since resigned all these positions:
- Chairperson: Telkom South Africa Limited (Since October 1994)
- Chairperson: African Merchant Bank
- Chairperson: Metropolitan Life Ltd
- Chairperson: African Bank Investments Ltd
- Chief Executive: New Africa Investments Ltd
- Director: New Africa Publications (Pty) Ltd
- Director: Phaphama Holdings (Pty) Ltd
- Director: Urban Brew (Pty) Ltd
- Chairperson: Alisa Car Rental (Pty) Ltd (Hertz)
- Director: Life Officers’ Association
He is a founder member of the Black Lawyers' Association and of the National Association of Democratic Lawyers of South Africa.
In 1986 Moseneke was appointed visiting fellow and lecturer at Columbia Law School, University of Columbia, New York.
He has served in several community and non-governmental organisations, including as:
- chairperson of Project Literacy for more than 10 years;
- trustee of Sowetan Nation Building; and
- deputy chairperson of the Nelson Mandela Children’s Fund.
Moseneke is the first chancellor of Pretoria Technikon and currently serves as chancellor of the University of the Witwatersrand.
Moseneke holds several honorary doctorates and is a recipient of numerous awards of honour, performance and excellence. These include:
- the KWV Award of Excellence;
- the Black Lawyers Association Excellence Award (1993);
- Unisa School of Business Leadership Excellence Award (1997);
- Black Management Forum Empowerment Award (1998);
- Sunday Times Businessman of the Year Nominee (1998);
- International Trial Lawyer of the Year Award (from the International Academy of Trial Lawyers) (2000);
- Soweto Achiever Award (2002);
- honorary professorship in Banking Law, Unisa (2002);
- honorary professor in the Department of Mercantile Law, Unisa (2004-2006);
- Doctor of Laws (honoris causa) from the University of the North;
- Doctor of Commerce (honoris causa) from the University of Natal; and
- Doctor of Technology (honoris causa) from Tshwane University of Technology.
- Doctor of Laws (honoris causa) from the University of South Africa.
- Doctor of Laws (honoris causa) from the City University of New York.
In the past 20 years, Moseneke has read numerous papers at law and business conferences, published several academic papers in law journals at home and abroad.
Speeches and Lectures
Final Court Sitting - Moseneke DCJ 20 May 2016
A Jurisprudential Journey from Apartheid to Democratic Constitutionalism
Courage of Principle: An address by Deputy Chief Justice Dikgang Moseneke to mark the 30th anniversary of the assassination of Ruth First
The Hart Memorial Lecture 2012 - Georgetown University Law School
Striking a Balance between the will of the people and the Supremacy of the Constitution
Openning Statements at Special Meting of JSC
VIIth World Congress of the International Association of Constitutional Law
Tribute to former Chief Justice Langa D.M
Separation of Powers, Democratic Ethos and Judicial Function
NICRO’s contribution to the criminal justice system during the past 97 years
For more Speeches by the Judge Click Here
Speeches and lectures Published on Law Journal
Transformative constitutionalism: its implication for the law of contract’ (2009) 20 Stell LR
Oliver Schreiner memorial lecture: Separation of Power, democratic ethos and judicial function
Retirement of CC Justices-Tribute on behalf of the Constitutional Court of SA
The Fourth Bram Fischer memorial-lecture: transformative adjudication
Attack on the judiciary
For more Published Speeches of the Judge Click Here
JSC Interviews Curriculum Vitae of Justice narrated version.
JSC interview for the DCJ position
Johann Vincent van der Westhuizen was born in Windhoek, Namibia.
He received the degrees BA Law cum laude, LLB cum laude, LLD and LLD honoris causa from the University of Pretoria. He also researched for lengthy periods in Germany (as an Alexander von Humboldt-fellow) and the USA and for shorter periods in the Netherlands and the United Kingdom.
He was professor in and the head of the Department of Legal History, Comparative Law and Jurisprudence in the University of Pretoria's Faculty of Law, as well as the founding director of the university's Centre for Human Rights. He is currently an honorary professor at the University of Pretoria and a member of the Centre’s board of trustees, the Law Faculty Council of the University of Pretoria and council of the Judicial Education Institute of South Africa
As an academic, Van der Westhuizen has taught widely in South Africa and abroad, including at Yale Law School and in Germany and Canada; presented numerous papers at national and international conferences; authored and edited several publications; and participated in numerous radio and television programmes in the USA, Germany, Canada, Japan and South Africa.
He was admitted as an advocate of the High Court of South Africa and was an associate member of the Pretoria Bar. He acted as counsel in many human-rights matters, and served as a consultant and in-house advocate for the Legal Resources Centre and on the governing body of Lawyers for Human Rights.
During the drafting of South Africa's Constitution he served as a member of the Independent Panel of Recognised Constitutional Experts, which advised the Constitutional Assembly, and of the Technical Refinement Team, responsible for the final drafting and editing.
In 1999 he was appointed by President Nelson Mandela as a judge in the Transvaal Provincial Division of the High Court (now the North Gauteng High Court) in Pretoria. He joined the Constitutional Court of South Africa - the country's apex court - on 1 February 2004.
Constitutional Court judgments written by Justice Van der Westhuizen dealt with matters including constitutional amendments, provincial boundaries and powers, fair trial issues, equality, the development of African customary law, the right of access to adequate housing and other socio-economic rights, asset forfeiture and search and seizure procedures, the right to privacy and the contractual and delictual liability of private security companies,freedom of expression and land claims
Speeches and Lectures
Getting used to Life Without Death :(The Abolition of Capital Punishment in South Africa)
A few reflections on the role of courts, government, the legal profession, universities, the mediaand civil society in a constitutionaldemocracy (172 kb)
Legal Language: Instrument of Deception or Empowerment? (NOTES ON PLAIN LANGUAGE AND THE CONSTITUTION)(162 kb)12 September 2013
Courts as Economic Freedom Fighters 16 September 2015
Thembile Lewis Skweyiya was born in Worcester in the Western Cape. He is married to Sayo Nomakhosi Skweyiya and they have four children.
Skweyiya attended primary school in Cape Town, where his parents settled. But in 1959 he matriculated at the Healdtown Institution in the Eastern Cape. He was awarded a Bachelor of Social Science degree by the University of Natal in 1963 and an LLB by the same university in 1967.
From 1968 to 1970 Skweyiya served his articles of clerkship in an attorney's office. In 1970 he was admitted as an advocate of the Supreme Court of South Africa and become a member of the Society of Advocates in Natal.
From 1971 to 1996 he practised as an advocate in Durban.
His practice dealt almost exclusively in commercial and civil matters. From about the end of 1979, however, Skweyiya's work became more varied and he began handling cases not only in Durban, but in all Supreme Court divisions in Southern Africa.
From about 1981, the bulk of his work involved human rights and civil liberties cases, including:
- many political trials all over South Africa, which invariably involved political, labour, or student organisations (for example the African National Congress, the Pan Africanist Congress, the Black People's Convention, the South African Students' Organisation and a variety of others);
- cases involving the rights of people detained in terms of security laws;
- matters involving workers and trade-union officials; and
- inquests into the deaths of people in detention.
However, from the time Skweyiya took silk in 1989, the focus of his practice shifted back to commercial and civil work.
Skweyiya was admitted as an advocate of the High Court of Lesotho in 1974.
From 1980 to 1982 he was a member of the Bar Council of Natal. In 1989 he became a senior advocate and in 1992 the High Court of Namibia admitted him as senior counsel.
Between October 1995 and January 2001, Skweyiya acted as a High Court Judge in the Natal and Eastern Cape divisions for various periods - two years in all. He took up a permanent appointment on 1 February 2001.
Skweyiya acted as a Judge of the Constitutional Court from August 2001 to the end of May 2002.
Skweyiya has held many positions in community organisations.
From 1963 to 1964, he was a member of the students' representative council of the University of Natal. From 1971 to 1990 he was a member of the Committee of Clemency, which campaigned for political prisoners, people who were banned or under house arrest, and those in exile.
He was a legal adviser and member of the panel of advisers of SASO from 1973 to 1977, which was when SASO was declared an unlawful organisation.
In 1977 Skweyiya became the chairperson and a trustee of the Institute of Black Research, positions he still holds.
From 1979 to 1990 he was a member of the Mandela Committee. In 1980 he became the chairperson of the Association for Rural Development.
Skweyiya was a member of the President's Advisory Committee of the Methodist Church of Southern Africa from 1981 to 1982 and was a trustee of the Black Lawyers' Association Legal Education Centre from 1984 to 1990.
From 1985 to 1990 he was a member of the editorial board of the South African Journal on Human Rights.
Skweyiya has also held many positions in the world of business, for example:
- as the chairperson of Worldwide African Investment holding (Pty) Ltd, KFM Radio (Pty) Ltd and Zenex Oil Ltd;
- as the deputy chairperson of Fortune Beverages Ltd and the SA Tourism Board;
- as the director and vice-chairperson of Fasic Investment Ltd;
- as a director of Fedics Group Ltd, Lion Match (Pty) Ltd, Gold Circle Racing and Gaming, the Premier Group Ltd, Southern Bank of Africa Ltd; and
- as a member of the regional advisory board of Nedcor Bank KwaZulu-Natal.
He has also attended and participated in several local and international law conferences, and has spoken and presented papers at some of them.
Service on the Constitutional Court
- Justice 2004 - 2014
Speeches by the Justice
What it means to be a lawyer in South Africa today